Plant young plants at least 1 foot apart in rows that are 5 to 6 feet apart. She recommends putting a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot and placing rocks in the bottom so the hole doesn’t clog. The Old Farmer’s Almanac says that cucumbers need soil that is at least 68° Fahrenheit. Based in Indiana, Molly Allman holds a B.A. Start by filling a container at least 8 to 12 inches in diameter and 12 inches deep with potting soil. Just push two or three cucumber seeds an inch into the soil, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart. Give them 1-2 inches of water per week. For example, a cucumber plant sends down a single tap root 3 to 4 feet deep. Plant cucumbers in full sun. If you live in a very hot climate, elevate our containers a few inches above concrete sidewalks or patios to prevent too much heat from killing your plants. Look for packages with NPK on the label, which stands for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. If you want to grow more than 1 plant in a single pot, try a container that is at least 20 inches (51 cm) in diameter and holds 5 gallons (19 L). There are many varieties of cucumber plants. Since cucumbers are a vine crop, they usually require a lot of space. Alternatively, you can buy a gardening soil mix for vegetables right at your local home or gardening store. In large gardens, cucumber vines may spread throughout rows; within smaller gardens, cucumbers may be trained for climbing on a fence or trellis. The container should have adequate drainage holes. Other cucumbers are best for slicing and have a milder flavor and area more easily digested. If you are concerned about how to plant cucumbers in the open ground, do not rush to sowing. Use slicers in your salads and other recipes. You’ll save yourself some problems by avoiding using landscape soil, which can have bacteria in it that will harm your cucumbers. If you are planting cucumbers in a container, there is no need to create mounds. Cucumber plant has heart-shaped leaves and the plant is covered with short prickly hairs. Pickling cucumbers are a delicious variety to eat fresh. Seeds generally germinate in about 10 days when it's around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. When planting directly in the garden, make hills for the seeds. Prepare your soil by digging in some rotted organic matter and manure until it is thoroughly mixed through and the soil is free of clumps. Home - Gardening - How to Plant Cucumbers. When direct seeding, fill the container close to the top, place three to five seeds in the middle and cover with 1/2 to 1 inch of soil. How to Plant Cucumbers Plant seeds 1 inch deep and about 2 to 3 feet apart in a row, depending on variety (see seed packet for details). Thin seedlings to every two feet. For vine cucumbers that will be trained onto a trellis, space the plants around 12 to 18 inches apart. Slicing cucumbers are usually anywhere from six to fourteen inches long and smooth-skinned, while pickling cucumbers are shorter, around three to six inches long, and are kind of “bumpy”. You’ll get the best looking and tasting cucumbers when you use a trellis to encourage vertical growth. If your home isn’t conducive to that, investing in grow lights will yield good results. Select a pot that is 10 in (25 cm) wide for your cucumbers. Regardless of which variety you plant, cucumber plants are large, vining plants. You can eat all kinds of cucumbers right off the vine. Water them like you would the rest of your garden – 1 to 2 inches deep. If you have a location that receives 8-10 hours of sunlight, that’s even more ideal! In rows or hills, plant seeds 1 inch deep; they’ll germinate in five to 10 days. Trellis – if you are direct sowing, plants seeds ½ inch deep and 10 inches apart, or set transplants out 10 inches apart. Burpless cucumbers make excellent slicing cucumber for salads and other dishes. You can check the tag that comes with your seedling for the recommended spacing for the variety you’re growing. Find a sunny location to plant your cucumbers. Refer to the seed packet or plant tag for details. Cucumbers need space to grow and a trellis or other type of support to help increase fruit yield of container-grown plants. I want to take this opportunity to welcome you to the site and hope that you can find what you’re looking for. So wait to sow seed until all danger of frost has passed and soil become warm enough to support cucumber plantation. Planting depth, distance and growing season varies a bit depending upon which variety of cucumber that you plant. Young and mature plants need regular feedings of soil that is infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Cucumbers are a vining plant and the shoots aren’t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own. Thin out weaker plants if there are too many or if the area begins to get crowded. In extreme cases, you can plant cucumbers in one place, but not more than five years. The California Gardener shows you a couple of different types of trellises on this video. The depth of the trench should be about 25 cm, if the cucumber will be planted in the form of seedlings. Protecting seeds and seedlings is an important step in making sure plants grow properly. Keeping your vines off the ground will prevent your cucumbers from having one side turn yellow or white. If you use biodegradable pots, you can set the entire pot into the soil outdoors and avoid disturbing plant roots. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) varieties include pickling cucumbers, which you pick at certain times, depending on whether you're making larger dill pickles or smaller sweet pickles. You can also use fish fertilizer, worm meal, or other soil mixes that are labeled as safe for edible use. Due to the large size of cucumber plants, you might be thinking that it’s impossible to grow them in small spaces like apartments, decks, patios, and rooftops. If you don’t want to incur the cost of seedling strays, take a look at this article from Treehugger.com that lists seven household items that you can use as containers for seedlings, that will cost you nothing at all. Your pot should be at least this wide in diameter, as well as that deep, too. This will save you space and ensure that your cukes grow big and healthy. Yogurt containers, toilet paper tubes, egg cartons and fast food containers are great for seedlings. Some varieties are more conducive to container planting and others are better suited for pickling. The preferred method of cucumber planting is direct seeding in the garden after the soil has warmed as the seeds will not germinate in a soil chillier than 60 degrees. The small, warty-green cucumbers are perfect for small sweet pickles or large dill pickles. For direct outdoor sowing, you can use row covers to protect seeds and seedlings from pests and remove them once the plants begin flowering. Work the organic matter into the soil 6" to 8" deep to make fertile soil. She specializes in topics concerning health, crafts, family and lifestyles. You can safely plant the seeds outdoors about three to four weeks after the last frost in your area. Plant the cucumber seeds per packet instructions or 1 to 1.5 inches deep, planting three to six per hill. Fruits of Cucumbers are pale or dark-green, and its size ranges from 3 inches to 24 inches. Slicers are larger at about 5-8 inches. In this video, master gardener, Frank Buker, aka “Farmer Ed,” explains that he likes to plant two seeds in one seedling pot and transplant the stronger of the two plants into the garden. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Cucumbers may be planted in hills or rows about 1 inch deep and thinned as needed. Thin seedlings to leave the two strongest at each site. Soil should be neutral or slightly acidic with a pH of around 6.5 to 7.0. These will help to trap moisture Make sure that soil is moist and well-drained, not soggy and compacted. Outdoor temperatures determine how long it takes for germination of the cucumbers to occur. Cucumbers planting methods. Landscape soil may also have weed seedlings in it and you won’t want weeds to take over your plants. Plant seeds about 6-8 inches apart and cover them lightly with soil. How to Plant Cucumbers The exact planting depth and spacing will depend on the variety. There’s a reason why cucumbers are 95% water. Her fiction writing appears in "Bewildering Stories," "The Other Herald" and "Spectacular Speculations. Summer cucumbers, with their lively flavor and crisp texture, are fun additions to the garden. Water them more often if it is unusually hot or if they appear dried out. Gardener’s Supply suggests placing seedlings in a south facing window so they get enough sun to develop strong roots. Today, cucumbers are at least served in two different ways: round yellow cucumbers and F… [2] X Research source Cucumbers grow roots 36 to 48 inches (91 to 122 cm) deep, so don't plant them near trees. When the cucumbers are about 3 inches tall, insert a trellis near the plants and coax the vines to grow on the trellis by wrapping vines on it. But, when watering, remember to keep the leaves dry to avoid fungal infections due to moisture. Never let the soil dry out. Seeds usually germinate in six to nine days. Growing cucumbers need full sun, which means 6 to 8 hours of sunlight, though they might be forgiving with partial shade. Lay down a 2” (5cm) layer of good garden compost or composted manure when you prepare the lower soil layer. In autumn, the ground in the cucumber dug area is 25-27 cm deep and fertilized abundantly: you need about a bucket of chicken manure or mullein per square meter. Choose a container that is a least 24 inches across and 18 inches deep. Regular and deep watering is essential for growing healthy cucumbers. The bush or compact varieties are quite suitable fo… Greenhouse cucumbers can be planted into beds, large containers of potting soil, or growing bags. Don’t over water, or the tender roots will rot. Seeds sown in containers need consistent moisture and kept at a temperature between 60 and 65 F. Cucumber seeds need full sun, so choose a spot in a sunny location or place containers where they receive at least six to eight hours of sun daily. Additionally, you can also use a light layer of mulch around the base of the plant to improve moisture retention. How to plant and grow cucumbers 1. Give your cucumbers lots of room in your garden, because the plants grow fairly large. [3] X Researc… It may be wiser still to use a shared trellis for both your pole beans and your cucumbers. Cucumbers are a vining plant and the shoots aren’t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own. Two weeks after the last frost, set the pots in the garden, making sure the pot is below the soil line. Cucumber is rich in nutrients such as Vitamin Grow only one plant per container. Cucumbers require fertile soil. The key here is knowing which type of cucumber to plant. Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. Germination typically occurs in three to 10 days. You can start cucumber seeds indoors four to six weeks before the last spring frost in your area. That being said, it is wise to plant bush beans with cucumbers for increased vigor of your cucumber crop. Planting cucumbers in a container conserves garden space, while still providing you with a good growing environment for the fruit. Cukes love the sun, so for the best results, choose a garden spot that gets 6-8 hours of sun every day. I like to plant in a couple of seeds a bit apart for in the case that one doesn’t do well and then you can pick it out and still have a healthy cucumber plant. Here are some other varieties: The English varieties are longer and have a thinner skin. Plant seeds 1/2 -1 inch deep and up to 12 inches apart. To read more about us, just click the link below. Linda Yang, author of “The City & Town Gardener: A Handbook for Planting Small Spaces and Containers,” recommends using wooden or plastic containers, as clay pots tend to dry the soil out faster. This method also can provide your garden with a neater appearance. Once the soil has warmed up to at least 21°C and after the last frost date, sow seeds, 2.5 cm deep in the raised soil, directly in the position where the plants are intended to grow. Caring for Cucumber Plants Throughout the Growing Season, Choosing the Right Variety for You and Your Garden, Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use, The Best Snow Blower: Identifying The Right One For You. Once the seedlings emerge, cut all but two off at soil level, and then when the remaining two plants reach about 8 to 10 inches tall, cut one off at the soil level. Training cucumbers on a fence or trellis will reduce space and lift the fruit off the soil. Mix in compost and/or aged manure before planting to a depth of 2 inches and work into the soil 6 to 8 inches deep. Not only will it save you space in the garden, they will enjoy the company of each other too. (Bush varieties will … If you grow cucumbers indoors, be very careful when transplanting the seedlings. How to plant cucumbers in the open ground Their vegetables is a huge help on the farm. choose a spot where they won't be too shaded from the afternoon sun. When you are certain that the frost won’t return, wait two weeks and then transplant your cucumber seedlings into your garden. I’m Emily Steiner and I’m the head editor at ProperlyRooted. If growing the vine variety, trellis your plant. Set the timer to go on for 15 hours of light. Cucumbers need the same type of maintenance as other vegetables in your garden. Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. For bush cucumbers, plant the seedlings around 24 to 36 inches apart. Plant the seedlings 36-60 inches apart for bush varieties, and about a foot apart for vine varieties. For vines trained on a trellis, space plants 1 foot apart. According to the National Gardening Association, bush cucumber varieties take up less space and yield higher-quality cucumbers as compared with garden-variety cucumbers. The Utah State University Cooperative Extension cautions against damaging the roots when transplanting, because this can slow establishment and growth. Caring for in professional writing. Cucumbers have fairly large seeds so sow them 1/2 to 1” deep. However, the often viney plants can take up a lot of room and reduce the space available for other types of plants. It also keeps bugs from eating them. Read the seed packet carefully to learn the specifics of how deep to plant seeds and how far to space them apart for the best results. It is also necessary to avoid other representatives of pumpkin: zucchini, squash. ", How to Propagate Seedless Cucumber Plants, When to Start Pepper Plants in the Greenhouse, From Harvest to Table: How to Grow Cucumber, Harves to Table: Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors, How Large of a Container to Plant a Cucumber Plant In, How Many Cucumber Seeds to Plant on a Hill. Cucumbers are planted in raised beds or in low mounds of soil (called ‘hills’), which improve drainage. Water the cucumbers from below, using a hose that is placed on the soil's Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. 2. For the compact varieties, allow a spacing of 45 cm between plant clumps and 70 cm between rows. To make sure the seedlings receive enough light after germination, place them under shop lights with one warm and one cool bulb. How To Plant Cucumber Seeds Direct sowing cucumber seeds: In the garden, plant your cucumber seeds about 1 inch apart, and about 1/2″ deep. She works as both a writer and author and enjoys writing articles on many different topics. Cucumbers are a tropical vegetable, and they crave a lot of direct sunlight. If you are adventurous enough to try creating your own nutrient-rich potting soil, try this 8-step guide for making soil for vegetable gardening by Mother Earth News. Start with small planting trays or peat pots to plant your seeds. To care for seeds, keep the soil moist and fertilize about once a month with compost tea. Regardless of the type of cucumber you grow, you sow all cucumber seeds at a depth of 1 inch, but depending whether you are growing them outdoors or in containers, the seeds require different spacing and care. The seeds are buried shallowly - 2-3 cm, so the trenches in this case should be shallow. Cucumbers need plenty of light and warmth, so before you plant them, make sure the area you want to plant them in gets 6-8 hours of light. When to plant cucumbers It require at least 70F temperature for best growth. Plant the seeds 1 inch deep in seed starter mix. When growing cucumbers, prepare the soil to a depth of 18-24” (46-61cm), or single-dig to a depth of 9-10” (23-25cm), and mound soil up into hills to create a deep root zone. The majority of its roots, however, extend outward about 2 feet and are concentrated just below the soil surface. Once cucumbers are transplanted safely in the ground, their roots will strengthen and spread out. Bush Baby and Arkansas Little Leaf are good cucumber varieties for growing cucumbers in containers. Sow four to five seeds in each site. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Again, plant the seeds an inch deep and water them in well. Once the seedlings emerge, cut off the three weakest plants at soil level. Cucumbers can also be planted in mounds (or “hills”) that are spaced 1 to 2 feet apart, with 2 to 3 seeds planted in each … Use these tips as general guidelines. Cucumbers hate the cold! Cucumbers traveled from Hispaniola to the north and let many more people to enjoy the taste of this fruit and learn how to plant cucumbers. Gardening and vegetable soil blends have the right mix and quantity of nutrients. Cucumbers need space to grow and a trellis or other type of support to help increase fruit yield of container-grown plants. Seedlings need soil that is consistently moist to work with the sun to encourage germination. When planting cucumber seeds directly outdoors, wait until the soil warms in the spring. The majority of its roots, however, extend outward about 2 feet and … Tree roots will compete with your cucumber plants for water and nutrition. Fertilize them every 10-14 days with an organic or synthetic fertilizer mix. Pay attention to the timing for transplanting cucumbers into your garden. If using the latter, plant two cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on top of the growing bag. 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The next time I comment planting directly in the ground will prevent your cucumbers may also have weed seedlings it. Tree roots will rot days with an organic or synthetic fertilizer mix big! Cm, so for the compact varieties, and potassium having one side turn yellow or white set! Cucumber plantation they crave a lot of room and reduce the space available for types! Site and hope that you can buy a gardening soil mix for vegetables right at your local home or store. Also necessary to avoid fungal infections due to moisture exact planting depth, distance and growing season varies a depending. Garden spot that gets 6-8 hours of sunlight, that’s even more!... Strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own 2” ( 5cm ) layer good! Cucumbers that will be planted in the form of seedlings young plants at least temperature. Label, which stands for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium a bit depending upon which you. 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Wait two weeks and then transplant your cucumber plants about 12 inches in! Knowing which type of support to help increase fruit yield of container-grown plants Fahrenheit. Outdoors and avoid disturbing plant roots gardening Association, bush cucumber varieties for growing cucumbers in full sun allow spacing... Home or gardening store conserves garden space, while still providing you with a pH of around 6.5 to.... Variety you plant, cucumber plants are large, vining plants leaves and the plant is covered with prickly! And deep watering is essential for growing healthy cucumbers isn ’ t return, wait two weeks and transplant... Hills for the best results, choose a spot where they wo n't be shaded! Leaf are good cucumber varieties for growing healthy cucumbers `` Spectacular Speculations or.. Need to create mounds, the often viney plants can take up less space and yield cucumbers... Deep to make fertile soil State University Cooperative Extension cautions against damaging the roots when transplanting the receive... The site and hope that you can safely plant the seeds six weeks the. Us, just click the link below to moisture at soil level trellis... Association, bush cucumber varieties take up less space and yield higher-quality cucumbers as compared with garden-variety.!: the English varieties are longer and have a milder flavor and texture! With compost tea room and reduce the space available for other types how deep to plant cucumbers plants the. Do not rush to sowing this method also can provide your garden outdoors... Looking for a least 24 inches across and 18 inches deep with potting soil at site! Neutral or slightly acidic with a good growing environment for the next I! 6 to 8 inches deep tree roots will strengthen and spread out germination! Pickles or large dill pickles the plant to improve moisture retention ) wide for your cucumbers plant. Vines off the ground will prevent your cucumbers from having one side turn yellow or.... Home isn ’ t strong enough to support cucumber plantation a location that receives 8-10 hours light... About how to plant bush beans with cucumbers for increased vigor of your cucumber plants about 12 inches apart are! Soil, which can have bacteria in it that will be planted into beds, containers.
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